Park Accommodations in Kenya : It’s a good idea to book ahead if you’re travelling alone on a medium-to-high budget Kenya safaris and staying in lodges or tented camps because there’s typically a lot of demand for beds, particularly during the high and peak seasons. In addition to its campgrounds, KWS offers a small selection of self-catering homes, bandas, and cottages in the majority of the parks. Make reservations at kws.go.ke or pay cash at the gate.
It can be worthwhile to bring a tent if you’re visiting the parks on a tight budget; you can rent or buy one in Nairobi. If you don’t have one, your alternatives for economical lodging may be somewhat restricted. In certain parks and reserves, a campground might be your only option for a reasonable stay, and it will also offer a considerable element of adventure.
If you’re participating in a scheduled drive-in (road) Kenya safari, your driver will take you on two- to three-hour game drives in the morning and afternoon. These trips start from your accommodation and travel leisurely across the park as you search for animals to see and take pictures of them. You will use the vehicles and services of the driver/guides at your resort or camp if you arrive by air. Generally, your kenya safari includes two game drives per day.
You might have to pay more for game drives if you’ve planned your own trip and have reserved a lodge or camp (about $40–80/person for 2-3 hours).You should budget between $150 and $200 for a drive and up to $350 for a whole day if you want exclusive usage of the car. Drives from lodges or camps are typically highly valuable because the drivers are familiar with the area and the animals. Two game drives each day, at dawn and late afternoon, with a return trip just after dusk, is the typical schedule. The animals are typically left alone in the parks throughout the middle of the day. Although it’s not the best time to shoot pictures because of the overhead sunshine, the animals are present. It’s a peaceful and rewarding time if you can tolerate the heat when most others are sleeping back at the lodge.
The official Kenya wildlife service fees are Ksh3000 for a full 24-hour period or Ksh1500 for six hours. Rangers are typically hired by the day. Someone with trained eyes and in-depth local knowledge is a great companion, if there’s room in your car. Observing animals requires adherence to a few very clear guidelines. Turn off your engine, stop, and try to be as quiet as you can. Speak in low, murmuring tones rather than whispering. It goes without saying that you should never exit your car other than at the sporadic (and frequently ambiguously marked) parking lots and overlooks. Never feed wildlife since it changes their nutrition and makes them reliant on people especially baboons and vervet monkeys, for example, can become aggressive if they are denied food. Even if an animal is sitting on the road in front of you, they still have the right of way and shouldn’t be disturbed. This entails maintaining a minimum of 20 metres between cars, limiting the number of vehicles that can see an animal at once (wait your turn if necessary), and ceasing to follow your subjects if they begin to move away. In order to witness the greatest amount of game, make frequent stops to scan through binoculars, observe the actions of antelope and other grazer herds (who will typically be observing a predator closely), and stop and chat with any passing drivers. The majority of passionate observers of nature concur that the ideal time of day is shortly before sunrise, when nocturnal creatures are frequently still visible and you may spot the peculiar dictionary leader, the aardvark.
Kenya has a wide variety of ecosystems because of its location, altitude range, and climate, which is influenced by the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean. These zones, which range from coral reef to mangrove swamp, high-altitude moorland to desert, and lowland rainforest to savanna grassland, offer remarkably diverse habitats for the region’s remarkable animals and vegetation. Kenya’s riverine habitats are limited due to the lack of major rivers, but those that do exist—the Tana and the Athi-Galana-Sabaki, in particular—are very wildlife-friendly. Large and very shallow, Lake Victoria receives most of its water from rain rather than rivers. Although it lacks nutrients, it is perfect for marshes and papyrus beds, which support birds that are unique to Kenya.
Lowland Forest and Woodlands
The 240 square kilometres of the Kakamega Forest, west of the Rift Valley, together with a few nearby outliers, are instances of the “Guineo-Congolian.” tropical forest, which is primarily located in central Africa and is home to numerous animal and plant species that are unique to Kenya. Kenya’s forests, which were previously widely distributed, are now mostly restricted to the highlands, particularly Mount Kenya and the Aberdare range, and to a lesser extent the coast, where remnants of ancient forests frequently correlate to the holy groves or traditional communities of the Mijikenda, also known as kaya.
Kenya’s characteristic terrain, a forested savanna of grassland with sporadic trees, spans vast stretches of territory between 1000 and 1800 metres above sea level. The primary grasslands lie east and southeast of Mount Kenya, where the savanna is shielded by the Meru National Park and Amboseli National park as well as the better-watered regions of Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park. The Lake Victoria basin contains the Maasai Mara National Reserve. A lot of the frequently broad-leaved and deciduous trees are shielded by their cork-like bark, and dry-season fires are rather common, whether they are started naturally or on purpose to promote new grazing with the first rain. The Great Rift Valley’s savanna is peppered with bird-rich lakes, including as the freshwater lake Naivasha and lake Baringo and the highly salinized Magadi and Bogoria, which draw wintering migrants from northern Asia and Europe.
Arid Areas in Kenya
A huge area known as the Nyika, or “wilderness,” begins only 30 km inland from the Indian Ocean and extends westward across the drier parts of Tsavo East and West to the edge of the central highlands. Acacias and euphorbias, among other stunted, prickly trees with scaly bark, grow in an impenetrably dense vegetation that defines Nyika. They are mostly grey throughout the year, but during the rainy season, they burst into a vibrant array of greens. Below 600 metres, the vegetation is sporadic and scrubby, with tufts of grass, strewn plants, and a few trees, mostly baobab and acacia, where there is irregular rainfall and severe winds. Long droughts are typical in these semi-arid regions because the ground is mostly bare and the wind can easily carry soil away. Kenya’s real desert environments are far drier, supporting only little trees and shrubs and very little plant life. Large swathes of northern Kenya are covered in dry, stony, or volcanic desert, interspersed with sporadic shrubs and thin, patchy grasses near seasonal watercourses.